Types of Authorizers
State laws empower a variety of different agencies to authorize charter schools, creating a mix of authorizer types, characteristics, and powers in each state. NACSA identifies six types of authorizers:
ICB | Independent Chartering Board
ICBs, also known as “commissions” or “institutes,” are statewide bodies set up for the sole purpose of awarding charters and overseeing charter schools.
States with active ICB authorizers:
|District of Columbia||Nevada|
LEA | Local Education Agency
LEAs are usually a local or countywide school district whose school board is the literal “authorizer” since it makes final decisions.
States with active LEA authorizers:
SEA | State Education Agency
SEAs are typically housed in a state’s department of education.
States with active SEA authorizers: