Year Law Enacted: 1995

Number of Charter Students in the State



Percentage of public school students attending charters Derived from the National Alliance of Public Charter Schools

Number of Charter Schools



Percentage of public schools that are charters Derived from the National Alliance of Public Charter Schools

Authorizing Policy Context

Texas passed significant reforms in 2013 to address a history of mixed charter school quality and accountability in the state. The legislation also raised the cap on the number of charter schools allowed and created several first-of-its-kind measures to encourage the replication of high-performing charter schools.

States with Few Authorizers

One or two non-district authorizers oversee most schools in this state.
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State Policy Score


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Texas: Raising Expectations by Closing Schools that Fail

In the early years of the Texas charter law, charters were easy to obtain and charter schools opened at a precipitous rate. A lack of uniform standards for applicants, along with poor performance results, fed a negative public perception of charter schools. State policies now include strong, explicit, consistent standards for charter school authorizing and for charter school performance, buoyed with additional authorizer authority to enforce them. This has had a direct, transformative effect on the quality of the state’s charter schools, including the closure of 20 failing charter schools since 2013.

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